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Otorhinolaryngology is a specialty of medicine which deals with ear, nose, and throat. It is also called Otolaryngology because most of the specialists are trained in both medicine and ENT surgery field. Otolaryngologists analyse and manage diseases of the ears, nose, sinuses, larynx (voice box), mouth and throat, as well as structures of the neck and face. Mostly these problems can be detected through physical analysis.

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Disease of Ear, Nose and Throat
Oral Cavity and Salivary Glands
Pharynx and Larynx
Oesophagus

Related Societies: African Head and Neck Society | College of Surgeons of East, Central, and Southern Africa | Interamerican Association of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology | Pan American Association of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery | Arab Federation of Otorhinolaryngological Society | Gulf Cooperation Council of Otorhinolaryngological, Head and Neck Society | Argentine Federation of Otorhinolaryngology Societies | Asian Society of Head & Neck Oncology | New Zealand Society of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery | Slovak Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery 
Severe Respiratory Syndrome Corona Virus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) is an infectious disease. Research focus on ENT manifestations in patients affected with COVID-19. COVID-19 can manifest (ENT) in the symptoms of such as high fever, cough, breathing difficulty, fatigue, myalgia, rhinorrhea and disturbances in the sense of smell and taste. In later, symptoms of pneumonia, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), and respiratory failure have been reported. It affects nasal cavity. To treat the affected patients, they use laryngeal and nasal endoscopes and other aerosol-generating procedures.

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Epidemiology
The SARS-CoV-2 Pandemic aspects
Mitigation of COVID-19
Virology
Pathophysiology and Immunopathology

Related Societies: Oceania Association of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies | Australian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Balkan Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Bolivian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Brazilian Association of Otorhinolaryngology | Brazilian Society of Head and Neck | Caribbean Association of Otolaryngology | Chilean Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Hong Kong College of Otorhinolaryngologists | Iraqi Kurdistan Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | The South African Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology deals with diseases and disorders interconnected to new-born or children. For example, tonsillitis, sinusitis and ear pollutions. Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology is to deal and spread data concerning inhibition, cure and care of ENT diseases in new-born and children because of developmental, degenerative, infectious, neoplastic, stressful, social and mental reasons.

The Pediatric ENT care team may include pediatric experts in audiology, cardiology, infectious diseases, fetal and maternal medicine, other surgical specialties, pulmonology, gastroenterology, hematology/oncology and dermatology.

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SARS-CoV-2 infection in Children
Aerodigestive and Voice Disorders
Chronic Cough
Endobronchial Tuberculosis
Sedation and Anaesthesia
Pediatric Endoscopy Surgery

Related Societies: Chinese Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Society | Colombian Association of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck, Maxillofacial and Esthetic Facial Surgery | Costa Rican Association of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Czech Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Dominican Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Ecuadorian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Egyptian Otorhinolaryngological Society | Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Hungarian Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head & Neck Surgery 
Obstructive Sleep Apnea involves repetitive upper airway obstruction from collapse of the pharyngeal airway during sleep. This disorder can lead to apneas, hypopneas and respiratory problems.

Obstructive Sleep Apnea procedures include uvulopalatopharyngoplasty, uvulopalatal flap surgery, tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy, genioglossus advancement, maxillomandibular advancement, and other techniques. Snoring and Obstructive Sleep Apnea are free risk factors for problematic ventilation by mask. The endotracheal anesthesia is suitable for OSA surgery because of the threat of aspiration of blood from the surgical site.

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Sleep Disorders
Upper Airway Imaging
Upper Airway Resistance Syndrome (UARS)
Neurologic Disorders
Medication Effects

Related Societies: Egyptian Society of Ear Nose and Throat and Allied Sciences | El Salvador Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Estonian Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Confederation of European Otorhinolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery | French Society of Otorhinolaryngology | German Association of Ear-Nose and Throat Surgeons | German Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Otorhinolaryngology Society of Ghana | Panhellenic Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Honduras Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery 
Rhinoplasty is the surgery that changes the shape of the nose or remove the excess part. The goal for rhinoplasty is to change the appearance of the nose and improve breathing. This surgery can change both upper portion of the nose (bone) and the lower portion (cartilage).

Surgeons are now commonly performing nasal reconstruction procedures to repair deformities causing from trauma or tumor resection. Whenever a nasal reconstruction is performed, it is very important for plastic surgical techniques. Important layers of the nose (skin, cartilaginous framework, inner lining) that are misplaced must be reconstructed using the principle of esthetic reconstruction.

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Alar Base Surgery
Nasal Tip Rhinoplasty
Cleft Lip Nasal Tip Rhinoplasty
Nasal Valve Surgery
Controlling the Nasal Dorsum
Endonasal Approach and Postoperative care

Related Societies: Iraqi Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Israeli Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Japanese Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Jordanian Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Kenya Ear Nose and Throat Society | Lebanese Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Head and Neck | Malaysian Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Mexican Federation of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Mexican Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Middle East Academy | Association of Otolaryngologists of India
Myringotomy / Ear Surgery
Vestibular Function Tests
Otitis Media
Otosclerosis
Meniere’s Disease
Cochlear Implant
Radiology of Ear
Tinnitus
Laryngology disorders can be affected by strain or injury to the vocal cords through the misuse of the voice. Treatment that arrangements with scatters, ailments and wounds of the vocal card mechanical assembly, particularly the larynx. Treatment for states of the larynx and vocal lines are very individual, contingent upon your condition, age, and calling. Mutual conditions mentioned by laryngologists include vocal fold nodules and cysts, laryngeal cancer, spasmodic dysphonia, laryngopharyngeal reflux, papilloma, and speech disorders.

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Congenital Stridor
Laryngeal Cleft and Webs
Pharyngoesophageal Trauma
Voice and Airway
Phonotrauma
Chronic Laryngeal Inflammation

Related Societies: African Head and Neck Society | College of Surgeons of East, Central, and Southern Africa | Interamerican Association of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology | Pan American Association of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery | Arab Federation of Otorhinolaryngological Society | Gulf Cooperation Council of Otorhinolaryngological, Head and Neck Society | Argentine Federation of Otorhinolaryngology Societies | Asian Society of Head & Neck Oncology | New Zealand Society of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery | Slovak Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery 
Thyroid cancer affect endocrine system in thyroid gland. Healthcare experts classify the thyroid cancer based on cancer cell grows. Thyroid cancer might not cause any symptoms at first. But it grows and can cause signs and symptoms such as swelling in your neck, voice changes and swallowing. Parathyroid carcinoma is a rare malignant disease. Hyperparathyroidism during pregnancy increased risk of hypertension, risk of miscarriage, risk of permanent hyperparathyroidism in baby. Parathyroid disease has higher rate of sleep disorder or insomnia.

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Respiratory Papillomatosis Disease in Pregnancy
Treatment of Idiopathic Subglottic Stenosis 
Autofluorescence in Thyroid Disease
Glottic Cancer
Dysphagia/Swallowing

Related Societies: Oceania Association of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies | Australian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Balkan Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Bolivian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Brazilian Association of Otorhinolaryngology | Brazilian Society of Head and Neck | Caribbean Association of Otolaryngology | Chilean Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Hong Kong College of Otorhinolaryngologists | Iraqi Kurdistan Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | The South African Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
Ear Disorders is generally caused by bacterial or viral contamination that influences the center ear, the air-filled space after the eardrum that contains the uncertain vibrating bones of the ear. Pediatric and neonatal are getting influenced more than grown-ups. Ear infections are more painful result of the irritation and development of liquids in the center ear.

An ear infection frequently gets cleared up individually, so the treatment may start just with control torment and observing the issue. Anti-infection meds are required in serious cases. Prolongation of ear contaminations can prompt steady liquids in the center ear, severe diseases or regular diseases which can cause hearing problems.

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Eustachian Tube Dysfunction
Epithelial Migration
Pathophysiology of Cholesteatoma
Microbiology of Chronic Ear Disease
Autoimmune Disease
Skull Base Osteomyelitis
Hearing Rehabilitation
Facial Neuropathy

Related Societies: Oceania Association of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies | Australian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Balkan Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Bolivian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Brazilian Association of Otorhinolaryngology | Brazilian Society of Head and Neck | Caribbean Association of Otolaryngology | Chilean Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Hong Kong College of Otorhinolaryngologists | Iraqi Kurdistan Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | The South African Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
Anesthesia or anaesthesia is an illness of impermanent loss of sensation or mindfulness during any restorative surgeries or dentistry, which may help the patient/children to get easing from pain. It might incorporate illness of loss of motion, amnesia, or obviousness. A patient under the impacts of soporific medications is alluded to as being anesthetized. Along these lines, pediatrics and newborn children accounts just a one-third of all patients suffering ear, nose, and throat, ENT surgery. The surgical methodology may extend from straight forward day-case surgeries.

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Anesthesia for ENT Laser Surgery
Anesthesia for Nasal, Sinus and Pituitary Surgery
Anesthesia for Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
Head and Neck flap Reconstructive Surgery
Anesthesia for Parotid Surgery
Anesthesia for Airway Panendoscopy

Related Societies: Chinese Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Society | Colombian Association of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck, Maxillofacial and Esthetic Facial Surgery | Costa Rican Association of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Czech Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Dominican Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Ecuadorian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Egyptian Otorhinolaryngological Society | Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Hungarian Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head & Neck Surgery 
Cochlear Implant is a complex e-device that helps to sense of sound to a deaf person. Cochlear Implant is different from hearing aid. Cochlear implants use a sound processor captures sound signals and sends them to a receiver implanted under the skin behind the ear. The receiver sends the signals to electrodes implanted in the snail-shaped inner ear. It stimulates the auditory nerve and directs the signals to the brain. The brain interprets those signals as sounds. Cochlear implants can improve their communication and quality of life than hearing aids.

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Pediatric Cochlear Implantation
MED-EL Cochlear Implants 
Auditory Brainstem Implants
Implantable Bone Conduction Hearing Devices
Middle Ear Implantable Hearing Devices
Auditory Neuropathy Spectrum Disorder
Novel implants, Therapies & Fitting
Hearing & the Developing Brain

Related Societies: Iraqi Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Israeli Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Japanese Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Jordanian Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Kenya Ear Nose and Throat Society | Lebanese Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Head and Neck | Malaysian Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Mexican Federation of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Mexican Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Middle East Academy | Association of Otolaryngologists of India
ENT Microsurgery is used for transfer of tissue from one part of the body to another by many plastic surgeon. Microsurgical techniques are utilized by several specialties such as general surgery, ophthalmology, orthopedic surgery, gynecological surgery, otolaryngology, neurosurgery, oral and maxillofacial surgery, plastic surgery, podiatric surgery and pediatric surgery. Otolaryngologists (ear, nose, throat and head and neck surgeons) perform microsurgery on structures of the inner ear and the vocal cords. Otorhinolaryngologists and maxillofacial surgeons use microsurgical techniques when reconstructing defects from resection of head and neck cancers.

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Phonomicrosurgery
Microvascular Surgery
ORL Microsurgery
Argon Laser Microsurgery
Reconstructive Microsurgery

Related Societies: Korean Society of Head and Neck Surgery | Korean Society of Otolaryngology | Spanish Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Taiwan Head and Neck Society | Taiwan Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Tanzania ENT Society | Turkish Otorhinolaryngology and Head Neck Surgery Society | Turkish Voice, Speech, Swallowing Society | Uruguayan Society of ORL | Venezuelan Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Vietnamese Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Zimbabwean Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Society of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Singapore 
Common neurosurgery disorders are diagnosis with the nose include pituitary tumors, sinus tumors and orbital tumors. Some spinal fluid leaks can repair the nostrils. Neurosurgery around the ear include acoustic neuroma, petrous apex lesions, aneurysms and meningiomas. Neurological problems such as headaches, facial pain, blurred vision, dizziness or seizures. It causes nosebleeds, facial numbness, asymmetric hearing loss and balance issues. It can be identified by an ENT specialist or neurosurgeon using CT and MRI scan. The special tests such as hearing tests and visual field testing.

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Depressed Skull Fracture
Skull Base and Ear Surgery
Pain Management
Pediatric Neurosurgery
Trauma and Critical Care
Parkinson’s Disease
Neurooncology
Epilepsy
Neuro Vascular Disease

Related Societies: Chinese Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Society | Colombian Association of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck, Maxillofacial and Esthetic Facial Surgery | Costa Rican Association of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Czech Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Dominican Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Ecuadorian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Egyptian Otorhinolaryngological Society | Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Hungarian Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head & Neck Surgery 
Facial Plastic Surgery is a type of surgical treatment for the individuals who have obtained, inborn and show danger anomalies on the face and neck. Facial Plastic Surgery also concentrate on the treatment of patients who have got intrinsic and malignancy anomalies on the face and neck.

The objective of the surgery is to re-establish characteristic shape and capacity of the face and neck. Methods extend from slightly obtrusive techniques to cutting edge operations, utilizing tissue alterations, micro vascular free tissue exchange, bone substitution and dynamic facial folds.

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Nasal Reconstruction
Auricular Reconstruction
Microtia Reconstruction
Otoplasty
Rhinoplasty
Nasal Septum
Facial Transplantation
Tissue Engineering

Related Societies: Egyptian Society of Ear Nose and Throat and Allied Sciences | El Salvador Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Estonian Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Confederation of European Otorhinolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery | French Society of Otorhinolaryngology |German Association of Ear-Nose and Throat Surgeons |German Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Otorhinolaryngology Society of Ghana | Panhellenic Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Honduras Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery 
Craniofacial Surgery is term that defines several surgical techniques used to correct problems with the head, skull, face and neck. Craniofacial surgery recreates damaged bone and tissue and improves the look of disfigured areas of the face and head. For children with craniofacial abnormalities, early surgery can reduce the impact of these disorders on growth, development, and function. These include plastic and reconstructive surgeons and include neurosurgeons, ophthalmic and oculoplastic surgeons, oral and maxillofacial surgeons, and otolaryngology surgeons.

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Syndromic Craniosynostosis
Nonsyndromic Craniosynostosis
Cleft Lip and Palate
Orthognathic Surgery
Craniofacial Microsomia
Method of Temporomandibular Joint
Facial Hemorrhage

Related Societies: Iraqi Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Israeli Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Japanese Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Jordanian Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Kenya Ear Nose and Throat Society | Lebanese Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Head and Neck | Malaysian Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Mexican Federation of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Mexican Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Middle East Academy | Association of Otolaryngologists of India
Endoscopic Surgery is a common and highly safe sinus surgery. Endoscopic sinus surgery is to remove blockages and treat other problems in the sinuses using an endoscope device. It's performed entirely through the nostrils and not include cutting the skin or major operations. Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery (FESS) can improve in nasal congestion, pain, drainage, difficulty breathing, loss of sense of smell, sinusitis, nasal polyps, nasal obstruction or blockage, sinus and nasal tumors.

Endoscopic Surgery may recover reduce the sinus infections, improve sinusitis symptoms and drainage of the sinuses, improve airflow and sense of smell, allow access for nasal rinses to reach the sinus cavities for cleaning and medication delivery.

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Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy
Myringotomy with Tube Insertion
Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery
Sleep Apnea Inspire Therapy
Telescopic Rod Lens System
Digital Laparoscope

Related Societies: Korean Society of Head and Neck Surgery | Korean Society of Otolaryngology | Spanish Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Taiwan Head and Neck Society | Taiwan Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Tanzania ENT Society | Turkish Otorhinolaryngology and Head Neck Surgery Society | Turkish Voice, Speech, Swallowing Society | Uruguayan Society of ORL | Venezuelan Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Vietnamese Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Zimbabwean Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Society of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Singapore 
Oral/Maxillofacial and Dental Surgery has some techniques in treating various diseases, wounds and distortions in the craniofacial regions. Ailments in the areas are head, neck, face, jaws and the hard and sensitive tissues. It is related to augmentation among pharmaceutical and dentistry, treating conditions that require authority from the two establishments. Oral and Maxillofacial surgery includes head and neck developments, early dental implant frustration, hostile to disease prophylaxis, salivary organ sicknesses, facial unevenness, facial anguish and bruises and tumors of the jaws and pollutions.

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Oral Medicine
Endodontic Surgery
Preprosthetic Surgery
Implantology
Maxillary Sinusitis
Neuralgias of Oral and Maxillofacial Region
Salaivary Gland Pathologies
Maxillofacial Traumatology
Orthognathic Surgery

Related Societies: African Head and Neck Society | College of Surgeons of East, Central, and Southern Africa | Interamerican Association of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology | Pan American Association of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery | Arab Federation of Otorhinolaryngological Society | Gulf Cooperation Council of Otorhinolaryngological, Head and Neck Society | Argentine Federation of Otorhinolaryngology Societies | Asian Society of Head & Neck Oncology | New Zealand Society of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery | Slovak Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery 
Audiology treats people with communication disorders. Audiology and Speech Pathology deals with the detection, measurement, and research of hearing impairments. The treatment of disorders is hearing, speech language therapy and voice, and fluency disorders. Utilizing various testing procedures such as hearing tests, otoacoustic discharge estimations, videonystagmography, and electrophysiologic tests. Age-related hearing disorders are observed as presbycusis. Although age-related hearing disorder isn't a perilous problem, it can significantly affect personal happiness whenever left untreated.

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Hearing Loss
Speech Disorders
Autism Spectrum Disorders
Intellectual Disability
Hyperactivity Disorder
Audiologic Rehabilitation

Related Societies: Oceania Association of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies | Australian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Balkan Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Bolivian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Brazilian Association of Otorhinolaryngology | Brazilian Society of Head and Neck | Caribbean Association of Otolaryngology | Chilean Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Hong Kong College of Otorhinolaryngologists | Iraqi Kurdistan Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | The South African Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
Speech Pathology and Therapy treats the children with speech or language disorders. Speech disorders are making with sounds and it includes articulation disorders, fluency disorders and resonance or voice disorders. Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs) are called as speech therapists. Speech-language therapy for many reasons including hearing impairments, cognitive (intellectual, thinking) or other developmental delays, weak oral muscles, chronic hoarseness, cleft lip or cleft palate, autism, motor planning problems, articulation problems, fluency disorders, respiratory problems (breathing disorders), feeding and swallowing disorders and traumatic brain injury.

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Development of Speech and Language
Language Therapy
Articulation and Phonological Disorders
Aphasia Disorder
Voice Disorders
Craniofacial anomalies
Neurolinguistics

Related Societies: Chinese Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Society | Colombian Association of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck, Maxillofacial and Esthetic Facial Surgery | Costa Rican Association of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Czech Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Dominican Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Ecuadorian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Egyptian Otorhinolaryngological Society | Indian Academy of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Hungarian Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology, Head & Neck Surgery
ENT Healthcare in Nursing care aims to mobilize, strengthen or compensate for hearing and balance, swallowing and speech, breathing and sleep issues, allergies and sinuses, head and neck cancer, skin disorders, even facial plastic surgery. As primary health care nurse plays a crucial role in screening and committed to provide quality comprehensive health care at PHCHWC. Common ENT services, it is important to consult Otorhinolaryngologist at every possible step especially in severe ENT cases. Diagnosis and treatment must be discussed with ENT specialist before dispensing drug.

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Dizziness
Allergy
ENT Emergencies
Clinical Rotation
Primary Care Otolaryngology
Clinical Nurse Practioner 

Related Societies: Egyptian Society of Ear Nose and Throat and Allied Sciences | El Salvador Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Estonian Society of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Confederation of European Otorhinolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery | French Society of Otorhinolaryngology |German Association of Ear-Nose and Throat Surgeons |German Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Otorhinolaryngology Society of Ghana | Panhellenic Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Honduras Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery 
ENT Rehabilitation is a treatment to improve capacity of body which has been debilitated. In ENT recovery center around Speech and language therapy treatment to help in talking and Vestibular Rehabilitation Therapy center to advance equalization and to limit the practise of dazedness, improve patient’s dependability, increment coordination, diminishes falls and nervousness. It is hard to give a general layout of the vestibular rehabilitation therapy practices. They are structured individually and recommended for every patient. Majority of these activities involve developments of the head and body to support your mind.

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Breathing Rehabilitation
Voice Rehabilitation
Aural Atresia Rehabilitation
Music Rehabilitation with Hearing Aid and Cochlear Implant
Adverse Interactions Involving Medications
Management of New and Emerging Diseases
Variations in Disease Processes
Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
Recent Advances and Clinical Method 
Operative ENT Surgery

Related Societies: Iraqi Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Israeli Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Japanese Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Jordanian Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Kenya Ear Nose and Throat Society | Lebanese Society of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology and Head and Neck | Malaysian Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Mexican Federation of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery | Mexican Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Middle East Academy | Association of Otolaryngologists of India
ENT devices are active for diagnosis, therapy or surgical procedures of physiological disorders related to eye, nose and throat to cure issues related to smell, hearing power, speech, and snoring. A various model of ENT devices is available in market including with endoscopes, hearing aids, surgical tools, hearing implants devices and ENT diagnosis devices. ENT devices are handheld, balloon enlarging devices use in sinus, Co2 lasers, imaging ENT surgery techniques, ear tubes, nasal and ontological packaging material and voice prosthesis devices. Use of ENT devices are under the control of physician as per standard operating procedures.

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Hearing Aids, Implants and Listening Devices
Instrument Sets for ENT Surgeries
Adenotonsillectomy
Miscellaneous Devices
Microlaryngoscopy
Thyroplasty

Related Societies: Nicaraguan Association of Otolaryngology | Nigerian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Panamanian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Paraguayan Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Peruvian Society of Otolaryngology and Facial Surgery | Philippine Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Society of Polish Otorhinolaryngologists, Phoniatrics and Audiologists | Portuguese Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Rwanda Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Society | Saudi Otorhinolaryngology Society | Serbian Society of Otorhinolaryngology  
Otorhinolaryngologists have been using minimally invasive surgery to diagnose and treat ENT problems. Head and neck diseases are well suited for minimally invasive surgery approaches. Many procedures can be performed through natural openings in ENT, which offer an entry way for the sophisticated, thin ENT instruments used. These types of procedures affect in lower tissue damage, a quick recovery, lower pain and lower scarring than surgeries performed through open lacerations. "Multimodality Treatment" combines a various of medical and surgical techniques to treat the patients. Transoral Robotic Surgery (TORS) is a less invasive surgery to remove head and neck cancers through the mouth.

Subtracks
Endonasal Sinus Surgery
Chronic Rhinosinusitis
Postoperative Care
Surgery for Cancer
Advanced Therapeutic Surgery
Esophagectomy

Related Societies: Korean Society of Head and Neck Surgery | Korean Society of Otolaryngology | Spanish Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Taiwan Head and Neck Society | Taiwan Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Tanzania ENT Society | Turkish Otorhinolaryngology and Head Neck Surgery Society | Turkish Voice, Speech, Swallowing Society | Uruguayan Society of ORL | Venezuelan Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Vietnamese Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Zimbabwean Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Society of Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery Singapore 
Rhinitis causes nasal congestion, runny nose, sneezing and itching. Facial pressure decreased sense of smell or a greenish-yellow nasal drainage it leads to sinusitis. Acute rhinitis is caused by a viral illness, allergic or seasonal rhinitis and nonallergic rhinitis. Allergic rhinitis occurs when allergens in the air release of histamine. Histamine causes itching, swelling and fluid. Sinusitis is a cold or flu virus spreading to the sinuses from the upper respiratory tract infection and few sinus cases are caused by bacteria. Help to relieve sinus pain and pressure are put a warm compress over the nose and forehead to help relieve sinus pressure, use a decongestant or saline nasal spray and breathe in steam from a bowl of hot water or shower.

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Epidemiology
Pathophysiology
Paranasal Sinuses
Allergic Rhinitis and its Impact on Asthma
Allergic Sinusitis
Eosinophilia Syndrome
Chronic Sinusitis

Related Societies: Nicaraguan Association of Otolaryngology | Nigerian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Panamanian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Paraguayan Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Peruvian Society of Otolaryngology and Facial Surgery | Philippine Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Society of Polish Otorhinolaryngologists, Phoniatrics and Audiologists | Portuguese Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Rwanda Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Society | Saudi Otorhinolaryngology Society | Serbian Society of Otorhinolaryngology  
Head and Neck Surgery can treat a various problem of the head and neck area. Problems that include thyroid problems, sinus syndrome and head and neck oncology. Many patients with cancers in the head or neck receive surgery to remove or cut tumors and cancerous tissue. Reconstructive surgery is an essential treatment to recover a natural look after some cancer treatments. Head and neck cancers can easily affect the nasal cavity, sinuses, salivary glands, throat, lips, tonsils and larynx. 

Subtracks
Pathology of Thyroid Tumors
Paranasal Sinus
Oral Cavity and Oropharynx
Tuberculosis of the Larynx
Transoral Robotic Surgery
Head and Neck Pathology
Gene Therapy
Oral Cancer

Related Societies: African Head and Neck Society | College of Surgeons of East, Central, and Southern Africa | Interamerican Association of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology | Pan American Association of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery | Arab Federation of Otorhinolaryngological Society | Gulf Cooperation Council of Otorhinolaryngological, Head and Neck Society | Argentine Federation of Otorhinolaryngology Societies | Asian Society of Head & Neck Oncology | New Zealand Society of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery | Slovak Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery 
Skull base surgery/Cranial base tumors is a type of surgery treating at the base of the skull, head, neck and face. The important nerve and vessels from the brain to support senses such as sight, smell and hearing. Otorhinolaryngology skull base surgery is minimally invasive and to access through the nose, eyelid, forehead and behind the ear.

Subtracks
Vestibula Schwannoma
Meningiomas
Neurofibromatosis
Stereotactic Radiosurgery in Neurotology
Temporal Bone Malignancy
Complications of Neurotologic Surgery
Vestibular Migraine

Related Societies: Oceania Association of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies | Australian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Balkan Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Bolivian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Brazilian Association of Otorhinolaryngology | Brazilian Society of Head and Neck | Caribbean Association of Otolaryngology | Chilean Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Hong Kong College of Otorhinolaryngologists | Iraqi Kurdistan Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | The South African Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
Bell's Palsy is a condition that causes weakness in the muscles on one side of the face. In utmost cases, the weakness is short term and significantly boost over weeks. The weakness makes half of the face seem to droop. Grins are one-sided, and the eye on the affected side resists ending. Bell's Palsy is also named as acute peripheral facial palsy. It's caused by swelling and inflammation of the nerve that controls the muscles on one side of the face. It could be caused by a response that occurs after a viral infection. Bell's Palsy can affect the nerves on both sides of your face.

Subtracks
Epidemiology
Cranial and Facial Nerve
Facial Schwannoma or Acoustic Neuroma
Facial Palsy
Acoustic Neuroma 
Ramsay Hunt Syndrome

Related Societies: Nicaraguan Association of Otolaryngology | Nigerian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Panamanian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Paraguayan Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Peruvian Society of Otolaryngology and Facial Surgery | Philippine Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Society of Polish Otorhinolaryngologists, Phoniatrics and Audiologists | Portuguese Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Rwanda Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery Society | Saudi Otorhinolaryngology Society | Serbian Society of Otorhinolaryngology  
Thyroid dysfunction and diabetes mellitus are closely linked and named as endocrine disorders. In fact, type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes, insulin resistance, or metabolic syndrome, your risk of developing thyroid disease is increased. Thyroid diseases and diabetes mellitus are the two most common endocrine disorders encountered in clinical practice. Thyroid may overproduce hormones, causing a hyperthyroidism and underproduce harmones are hypothyroidism. Diabetes increases hyperglycemia caused by thyroid disease can contribute to metabolic syndrome. Metabolic syndrome is a group of five conditions are high glucose, high blood pressure, high triglycerides, low HDL cholesterol and a large waist. These group of conditions increases the risk of heart disease, diabetes and stroke.

Subtracks
Endocrine Disorders
Diabetes Mellitus
Stem Cell Therapy
Thyroid and Hyperthyroid in Pregnancy
Thyroid Dysfunction
Type 2 Diabetes

Related Societies: African Head and Neck Society | College of Surgeons of East, Central, and Southern Africa | Interamerican Association of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology | Pan American Association of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery | Arab Federation of Otorhinolaryngological Society | Gulf Cooperation Council of Otorhinolaryngological, Head and Neck Society | Argentine Federation of Otorhinolaryngology Societies | Asian Society of Head & Neck Oncology | New Zealand Society of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery | Slovak Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery 
Phoniatrics is the study and treatment of organs involved in speech, voice, throat (larynx), vocal cords, language, hearing, swallowing disorders and lungs. Problems treated in phoniatrics include dysfunction of the vocal cords, cancer of the vocal cords or larynx, inability to control the speech organs properly (speech disorders), and vocal loading problems.

Pedaudiology treated hearing disorders for children. The most frequent risk factors craniofacial anomalies, premature birth < 32 weeks of pregnancy and syndromes. Most important medical specialties that contribute to phoniatrics are otorhinolaryngology, neurology, pediatrics, psychiatry, pediatric psychiatry, dentistry, gastroenterology, geriatrics, endocrinology, radiology, genetics and physical therapy.

Subtracks
Voice Disorders
Hearing Disorders
Swallowing Disorders
Speech and Language Disorders 
Encompass Articulation Disorders
Pediatric Audiology

Related Societies: Oceania Association of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies | Australian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Balkan Society of Otorhinolaryngology | Bolivian Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Brazilian Association of Otorhinolaryngology | Brazilian Society of Head and Neck | Caribbean Association of Otolaryngology | Chilean Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | Hong Kong College of Otorhinolaryngologists | Iraqi Kurdistan Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery | The South African Society of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
Allergy and Immunology is conditions of immune system with allergic illness, respiratory disorder, rhinitis, sinus disorder, seasonal allergies. Allergy and Immunology is the subpart of laryngology that treats the immune system. Allergy is a diagnosis and treatment of asthma and other allergic diseases related to the ear, nose and throat. Immune system problems are allergies, asthma, inherited immunodeficiency diseases and autoimmune diseases. Immune deficiency in the fields of rheumatology, virology, allergology (dermatology), bacteriology, oncology and transplantation medicine.

Subtracks
Aeroallergens and Environmental Factors
Nasal Polyps, and Otitis Media
Immunotherapy for Inhalant Allergens
Allergic and Immunologic Disorders of the Eye
Asthma Diagnosis and Treatment
Allergic and Nonallergic Reactions to Food
Drug and Insect Allergy
Urticaria and Angioedema
Atopic Dermatitis and Contact Dermatitis

Related Societies: African Head and Neck Society | College of Surgeons of East, Central, and Southern Africa | Interamerican Association of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology | Pan American Association of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery | Arab Federation of Otorhinolaryngological Society | Gulf Cooperation Council of Otorhinolaryngological, Head and Neck Society | Argentine Federation of Otorhinolaryngology Societies | Asian Society of Head & Neck Oncology | New Zealand Society of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery | Slovak Society of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery