Ali Mohammadzadeh, Iran
Title: The effects of music presence on auditory verbal working memory
Music exists in all cultures; many scientists are seeking to understand how music affects cognitive development such as comprehension, memory, and reading skills. More recently, a considerable number of neuroscience studies on music have been developed. This study aimed to investigate the effects of null and positive background music in comparison with silence on auditory-verbal memory performance. Forty young adults with normal hearing, aged between 18 and 26, participated in this comparative-analysis study. An auditory and speech evaluation was conducted in order to investigate the effects of background music on working memory.
Subsequently, the Rey auditory-verbal learning test was performed in three different conditions: silence, positive, and null music. The mean score of the Rey auditory-verbal learning test in silence condition was higher than the positive music condition and the null music condition. The tests results did not reveal any difference between the two genders. It seems that the presence of competitive music (positive and null music) and the orientation of auditory attention have negative effects on the performance of verbal working memory. It is possibly due to the intervention of music with verbal information processing in the brain.
Ali Mohammadzadeh is an assistant professor at the faculty of rehabilitation sciences, Shahid Beheshti Medical Sciences University in Iran, as a pathologist of voice, speech, language and hearing sciences, as well as a medical education specialist, he has had many research, educational and clinical activities the results of which have been published in many prestigious journals. His research areas are voice disorders, auditory verbal memory and speech recognition. He also has inventions in those fields and as an inventor, he is a member of the World Federation of Inventors.